The history of Indian mural painting starts in ancient and early medieval times, from the 2nd century BC to 8th – 10th century AD. There are more than 20 locations around India containing murals from this period, mainly natural caves and rock-cut chambers. The different time periods also gave rise to different styles of mural painting that this article aims to highlight.
This article will provide NCERT notes on this important topic for the UPSC civil services exam preparation. These notes will also be useful for other competitive exams like banking PO, SSC, state civil service exam and so on.
The Cholas, Pandyas and the Cheras were the three dynasties that heralded the Sangam Age, which was a time of a cultural renaissance that forever changed the economic, social and religious structure of South India. To know more in detail what were those changes click on the linked article.
Frequently Asked Questions on Mural Paintings in India
Q 1. What are the characteristics of Indian Mural Paintings?
Ans. A mural is any piece of artwork painted or applied directly on a wall, ceiling or other permanent surfaces. A distinguishing characteristic of mural painting is that the architectural elements of the given space are harmoniously incorporated into the picture.
Q 2. What are the traditional forms of Mural paintings?
Ans. There are three different traditional forms of mural painting in India:
- Pithoro in parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat
- Mithila paintings, Mithila region, Bihar
- Warli paintings, Maharashtra
For more UPSC-related preparation materials, visit the links given in the table below: