Terminologies of a River – Parts, Flow of Direction, Features of a River l


The river is divided into 3 different parts.

  1. Upper Course – This part is closest to the source of the river. The land is usually high and mountainous. The river is fast flowing in this part.
  2. Middle Course – In this part the river starts to slow down. It gets wider and starts travelling in winding loops. There is a lot of erosion, deposition and transportation.
  3. Lower Course – It is the last course of the river. In this part, the river approaches the sea. The speed of the river is the slowest in this part.

Candidates would find this topic to be of importance while preparing for IAS Exam.

What are the Edges of a River Called?

Edges of a river are called the Banks. They are the sides of a river between which the water flows normally.

What is the Direction of a River Flows called?

  1. Upstream – it refers to the direction towards the source of the river i.e. against the direction of flow.
  2. Downstream – It refers to the direction towards the mouth of the river, in which the current flows. Here mouth of the river means, the point at which a river joins another river, or a point at which the river joins the sea.

What are the Main Features of a River?

There are many features of a river, which can be broadly classified into erosional features and depositional features.

Below table gives the list of features of a river

Erosional Features
  1. Interlocking Spurs
  2. Meanders
  3. Ox-Bow lakes
  4. V-shaped valleys
  5. Waterfalls
Depositional Features
  1. Deltas
  2. Flood Plain
  3. Levee’s

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